Having thick and happy hair is one of the most pivotal factors in facial beauty in men and women. However, heredity, hormones, and age play a significant role in how thick hair is. Some people suffer from baldness due to hormonal problems. But for some people, hereditary and sometimes hormonal problems play a role in increasing hair loss. In recent years, hair transplantation or hair transplantation with the latest methods, especially in Turkey, has many scientific and practical advances. The result of the surgery is satisfactory for many people. Join us to tell you about hair transplants, different hair transplant methods, care, and the advantages and disadvantages of this procedure.
What is a hair transplant or hair implant?
If you have baldness or hair loss, hair transplants or hair implants are the most effective ways to correct this defect. In hair transplantation, a specialist cuts thin pieces of skin from the thicker part from behind the head, then implants or grafts them into hairless or thinning areas. These healthy pieces of skin contain hair follicles, can grow in any part of the body.
Hair transplants can also be on different areas such as hair, eyebrows, and beard. If the follicular unit transplantations are successful, the implanted hairs in the area will grow naturally, are permanent, styled, do not require special care, and will not fall out.
Types of hair transplant methods
Several methods for hair transplantation depending on the patient’s condition and priorities and the doctor’s diagnosis, one or a combination of them should be for hair transplantation.
1. Hair transplantation by FIT or FUE method
In a hair transplant called FIT or FUE, which stands for Follicular Unit Transplantation, hair follicles or units called FUG are removed in groups or individually from behind with a device called a “holder” or punch. Then in areas where they have no hair, they are implanted. In this method, which lasts several sessions, the specialist will remove an average of 1000 to 1500 hair follicles from the back and insert them in the desired areas.
FIT Hair Transplant is a painless procedure with local anesthesia for hair transplants in smaller areas such as the beard, eyebrows, eyelashes, mustache, or those who do not have extensive baldness or when the specialist can remove tissue from behind the patient for any reason. It is more practical.
It is better to know that in FIT hair transplantation, one to four weeks after hair transplantation, the follicles enter the resting phase, and the transplanted hair falls out. In the second to the fourth month after hair transplantation, you may think that your hair has shrunk due to this hair loss, but do not worry, your hair will be in a state of shock and grow back. Within 4 to 6 months after transplantation, the implanted hairs gradually come out of the scalp and grow back. In total, it takes a year for the transplanted hair to grow 100% and make your hair look thick. Between the first and second years of transplantation, the hair grows longer and looks more natural.
Benefits of FIT hair transplantation
- Less pain;
- little bleeding;
No need for dressings and special wound care;
- Wound loss.
- More hair follicles are removed in consecutive sessions.
People who are reluctant to have hair transplant surgery, people who do not have extensive baldness, and those whose hair density is low in the transplant area are more likely to get what they want.
Disadvantages of FIT hair transplantation
- More cost;
- Because the specialist removes hair follicles with a device called a punch, the chances of damaging the hair follicle are high.
- The number of removed follicles per session is limited, so you need several sessions for hair transplants.
- Long working process increases the possibility of grafts being damaged and drying out.
- When the doctor has to remove numerous hair follicles from the back of the head (hair bank), you have to shorten your hair.
- Destroying the hair bank.
The biggest drawback of the FIT method seems to be the demolition of Most banks. According to some hair transplant doctors, a person who performs a hair transplant once with the FIT method will have difficulty with second and third hair transplants because the hair bank has been used and destroyed a lot, and they can remove fewer hairs the next time.
2. FUT hair transplant
In FUT or Follicular Unit Transplantation, a thin strip of skin tissue is removed from the back of the person’s head, then converted into FUGs by an experienced doctor under hair transplant microscopes. Then the specialist will make incisions in the implantation areas and implant hair units or FUGs in these incisions.
Benefits of FUT hair transplantation
Experience over the years comparing the FIT and FUT hair transplants suggests that the FUT method in many ways, including scarring, graft drying time, graft percentage, and graft quality in terms of structure and texture. , Operation time, complications, and even operation cost are superior to FIT. Other benefits of FUT hair transplants include:
Invisible hair transplant site;
- Create a natural line in front of the head and its natural appearance;
- Natural appearance of hair and no dents or bumps on the scalp;
- Ability to remove hair from the back of the person’s head and other different body areas such as the shoulders and chest.
- Maintain the quality of the grafts for re-planting if necessary.
Disadvantages of FUT hair transplantation
The biggest drawback of FUT hair transplants is a large incision in the back of the head where there is a possibility of scarring or scarring. On the other hand, reducing the volume of the hair bank so that in the next steps for hair transplantation more than once or at most twice can not be used to create density and bleeding, swelling of the head and face, and pain at the incision site are other disadvantages of implantation. Hair is the FUT method. Another disadvantage of FUT hair transplants is the limitations for the early stages of hair loss.
3. Hair transplantation by SUT method
According to some hair transplant experts, SUT hair transplantation is a newer method than other hair transplantation methods such as FIT and FUT. in which most of the steps from harvesting to hair follicle transplantation without manual intervention and by automatic devices under the supervision of a specialist Done.
In the SUT hair transplant method, which is more similar to the FIT method, the hair follicle is not harvested and implanted manually with a punch. But the laser hair punching and implanting device is a laser punch. With a laser punch, the hair follicles are separated into groups or grains from the hair bank and then frozen and finally transferred to the bald and bald areas. According to hair transplant experts, in the SUT method, less than one percent of the hair roots are destroyed during the transplantation and harvesting process and become dry and dehydrated.
Benefits of SUT hair transplantation
In the SUT hair transplant method, which includes local anesthesia like the FIT method, they only transfer the hair follicles. The hair follicles are safe by the laser punch, and the result is more satisfactory. Another advantage of this method is the high speed of doing the work so that in one session, the specialist can transfer around ten thousand hair follicles from different parts of the body. Because of this high speed, hair transplantation by the SUT method usually needs one session, compared to other methods. Natural growth line, no pain, no bleeding, no recovery period, and good hygiene are due to no hand intervention are among the benefits of SUT hair transplantation.
Disadvantages of SUT hair transplantation
Even though the SUT method seems to have advantages over other hair transplant methods, many doctors mentioned the following shortcomings and declared the SUT hair transplant method obsolete.
- Possibility of disease transmission due to the impossibility of sterilizing and disinfecting all parts of the device, especially the hair graft transfer tubes.
- Damage to the recipient and donor areas of hair follicles.
- Implantation of implanted hair follicles;
- Scars and wounds remain. According to some doctors, automatic hair removal devices cause some damage to a person’s hair bank.
However, it seems that if you are going to have a hair transplant, you must choose the right method according to all the conditions and the definite and specialized opinion of your hair transplant doctor.
4. Stem cell transplantation or PRP; The latest hair transplant method
The latest hair transplantation method is the PRP method or hair transplantation with the help of stem cells. In this procedure, also called cell therapy or platelet therapy, the doctor will separate the germ cells from the hair follicles, and thus a large number of germ cells are re-injected into the scalp. As a result, new follicles and the old-fashioned hairs become coarse hairs.
You may be interested to know that researchers have concluded that the number of stem cells in the hair follicles and bald areas is the same, and the only difference between the two is the number of unnamed cells or progenitor cells. These cells were much smaller in the bald areas than in the perm.
In this way, the germ cells or hair follicles form new hairs, which sheds up to 100 per day. According to dermatologists, the hair follicle is the second most active tissue after bone marrow. Hair follicle makes up the highest number of new cells.
Benefits of PRP hair transplantation
One of the most significant benefits of PRP hair transplantation is a person’s blood, which reduces the risk of infectious diseases such as AIDS and hepatitis to a minimum. Besides, the effect of this method is long-lasting and in most cases.
Disadvantages of PRP hair transplantation
PRP hair transplantation is a time-consuming process and sometimes takes from six months to a year.
In 10% of cases, the person may not get a positive result from this hair transplant.
For people with certain diseases, PRP cannot be for hair transplants. Some of these diseases include diabetes, acute or chronic blood diseases such as blood clotting disorders or leukemia, thrombocytopenia (platelet depletion disorder), and diseases. Who needs to take aspirin or other anticoagulants such as warfarin or heparin.
5. Hair transplantation by MFIT method
Another new hair transplantation approach is the very delicate and precise transfer method Micro Follicular Isolation Technique, also known as MicroFIT or MFIT. MFIT hair transplantation, which is very similar to the FIT method, is performed with suitable and precise tools that are accurate at the “micro” level. The production of means with such precision is considered a revolution in the field of hair transplantation. That makes the success of hair transplantation more dependent on the accuracy of the removal mechanism than leaving it to the surgeon and minimizes possible human errors.
According to hair transplant experts, the result of MFIT technology transplantation is a natural growth under the skin habitats with a natural appearance compatible with the patient’s scalp. Also, possible errors due to fatigue or carelessness of the surgeon are well controlled and guaranteed. Successful and even hair will be much more than before.
6. FLAP hair transplantation
In this hair transplantation method, which is only in specific cases, the specialist grafts the scalp area that contains the hair follicles to the hair follicles. FLAP hair transplantation is an obsolete method in some situations due to its unusual appearance, causing a large wound on the head and postoperative complications.
7. Implantation of synthetic fibers instead of hair
This hair transplant method, which is now obsolete in Turkey and some other countries, is one of the first generation hair transplant methods. This method uses synthetic fibers that look like natural hair for hair transplantation. One of the disadvantages of this method is the inelasticity of the implanted hair. For example, people who have had their hair transplanted using synthetic fibers cannot change or dye their hairstyles. In addition to the artificial appearance of hair, the risk of infection at the site of hair transplantation, hair loss, and the need for continuous repair are among the significant disadvantages of this hair transplant method.
8. Hair transplantation by punch graft method
Another obsolete method of hair transplantation in most countries of the world is the punch graft method. In this method, the doctor removes bunches of hair from a part of the head or body and implants them in the desired location. The appearance of hair transplanted in this method is abnormal, and it is not very welcome.
9. Hair transplantation by scalp reduction method
In the scalping method, scalp reduction, as its name implies, is done by reducing the scalp size. In this method, surgical incision reduces the scalp. Thus the scalp area is reduced, and at the end, the specialist suture incised part.
Will the implanted hair fall out again?
The answer to this question is yes. In fact, except for natural hair loss (implanted hair falls out and grows back). If the implanted hair still falls out, the problem is most likely internal. In other words, the same factors that caused hair loss and baldness can also cause hair implant loss. For this reason, it is better for those who incur the cost of hair transplantation to first treat internal and hormonal problems under the supervision of a specialist doctor and then perform one of the well-known methods of hair transplantation.
Which hair transplant method is better?
The fact is that each person should, depending on his condition, such as baldness, scalp size, hair bank, and expectations and mentality of hair transplantation, according to the diagnosis of a specialist, one of the hair transplant methods or a combination of several approaches.
Complications of hair transplantation
There are no side effects if an experienced doctor performs the hair transplant. Hair transplants should be by dermatologists, head and neck surgeons, and plastic surgeons who have undergone skin and hair transplant surgery, following appropriate physical standards and equipment. However, hair transplantation is a medical procedure that, like other medical procedures, can cause problems in some cases. But many of these side effects are temporary.
Mild swelling in the forehead that heals with a cold water compress in the first few days after implantation;
- Mild bleeding;
- Murmuring of the hair transplant site;
- Pain in the area of hair transplantation that is relieved by taking painkillers prescribed by a doctor.
If you feel itchy at the hair transplant site, do not scratch it at all. If the itching persists, you can keep the implant moist with a cooling wash serum. But one of the strangest and most unexpected side effects of hair transplantation is hiccups! This complication usually lasts for a few hours to a few days after the hair transplant, but if it lasts longer than this, you need to contact your doctor.
Can women also have hair transplants?
In general, women are less likely to experience hair loss or male pattern baldness. But in some cases, male pattern baldness also occurs in women. The cause of this hair loss can be both hormonal and genetic, and as a result, hair loss from the front of the head occurs. Among the various causes of hair loss in women, hair loss is due to aging, hormonal changes due to pregnancy, and hereditary hair loss pattern.
Depending on the cause of hair loss in women, different drug treatments, hair transplants, or a combination of the two are considered. However, in some cases, this hair loss is temporary and due to hormonal reasons. Therefore until the cause and how the hair loss continues in a woman (in terms of permanent or temporary hair loss) is not confidently identified, no Take action on treatment.
If you are one of those women who have suffered from male pattern baldness or baldness due to hereditary and incurable hormonal reasons, you can go for a hair transplant by seeing a specialist. Thus, when the cause of thinning of a woman’s hair is hair loss with a female pattern, and there is no internal cause such as pregnancy and hair transplantation should be as a treatment.
These women can have hair transplants:
If the effects of DHT are not the cause of women’s hair loss, hair transplants are a good treatment option.
- Women who have long and heavy baldness due to excessive hair pulling, such as tying a ponytail;
Women who have lost hair around the incision as a result of plastic surgery.
- Women who have a pattern of male pattern baldness. That is, they suffer from hairline regression or hair loss on the top of the head. While the hair on the back and around the head is not damaged.
- Women who have suffered from baldness as a result of an accident, burn, or accident.
- Women with alopecia areata.
Does hair transplant have age conditions?
There is no age requirement for hair transplants. All people can participate in the hair transplant operation, from hair to the beard, mustache, and eyebrows, depending on the clinical condition and approval by a specialist. Even children who have lost part of their hair due to burns and accidents can have hair transplants at reputable clinics. However, if the scalp is deeply damaged or destroyed by events such as burns, it is not possible to restore the lost hair even with implants.
Necessary care before hair transplantation
If you are a smoker, quit smoking two weeks before your hair transplant.
If you are taking vitamin E tablets or capsules, tell your doctor and stop taking them three weeks before the operation.
- If you have a history of any disease, specifically diabetes, epilepsy, and heart disease, talk to your doctor.
Tell your doctor before surgery if you are taking any medications such as aspirin or aspirin-containing medicines.
Take a shower the day before surgery and use conditioner to wash your hair.
- Do not take medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen as the day before surgery.
- If you are going to use the FUT hair transplant according to your doctor, do not shave for at least three weeks before the operation. In other methods, follow your doctor’s instructions.
Eat a small but healthy meal before a hair transplant.
Have enough rest the night before the hair transplant.
- Before hair transplantation, it is better for the applicant to attend a consultation with the doctor. In this counseling session, they will evaluate issues such as the history of hereditary hair loss, drug usage, and evaluation of hormonal disorders (especially in women). In this consultation session, they will probe diseases, possible allergies, or any factor to provide the best method. Also, a specialist will examine your hair density for performing the implantation operation. For certain diseases, it is necessary to submit a form stating that natural hair transplant surgery is not prohibited, depending on the type of illness and the medicine used for it, by the treating physician at the hair transplant clinic.
- If there are conditions for hair transplantation, a blood test is required to check for coagulation factors and dangerous and infectious viral diseases. A hair transplant specialist will analyze the test results, and if everything is normal, it is unobstructed. It is critical to have this test and do it on time, and if the test is performed more than one month from the time of referral, all tests must be again to confirm their accuracy.
Necessary care after hair transplantation
After a hair transplant, it is best to have someone with you to go home and preferably rest for the first three days.
During the first few nights of rest, place two soft pillows under your head so that you are half asleep.
Avoid strenuous activities that require pressure and strain for up to a week after the hair transplant. Avoid excessive bending and straightening, severe coughing and sneezing, and rapid movements. Sweating causes an infection in the area of the implant and the wound.
Do not tilt your head too far forward for up to two weeks as the scalp becomes stretched and the risk of scarring and scarring at the hair removal site increases.
- Keep the hair removal area on the back regularly warm and moist during the day and night for two weeks. Your doctor will usually prescribe a compress with a warm, damp towel or warm sponge. Keeping the hair removal site warm and moisturized will help the wounds heal faster, and the scar will be less visible.
Take prescribed medications, especially antibiotics, to prevent infection at specific times.
If you are taking iron pills, stop taking them for a week.
Wash your head daily with a shampoo prescribed by your doctor, very gently and without manipulating the hair transplant site. The specialists will teach you the correct way to wash your head by your doctor. The cobras at the hair transplant site would heal on their own with a gentle daily wash, so avoid plucking them apart. These cobras should begin to fall naturally without direct intervention.
From the second week, you can start light exercise (except swimming). But it is better to postpone heavy training to a month after the operation.
Be careful not to hit your head. Do not wear tight-fitting clothes for two weeks after the operation, and be careful not to rub them on your hair when changing clothes. It is better not to wear polo shirts such as T-shirts on the day of the operation and instead wear button-down shirts so that your hair does not touch your clothes when you wear them.
Headache is after hair transplantation. In this case, use painkillers based on your doctor’s decision.
Some implants may cause bleeding the night after surgery or for days after surgery. Contact your doctor if you cannot control the bleeding by resting or applying pressure to the bleeding site.
Anesthesia of the hair transplant site and swelling around the eyes and forehead is normal and usually lasts for several days. In some cases, the patient becomes bruised around the eye on the fourth day after surgery.
Cysts, bumps, and sores on the hair transplant site are normal and go away after a few weeks.
After hair transplantation, old hair becomes a little thinner. That is due to the operative conditions and is not a cause for concern. Hair usually thickens again after a few months.
You can usually be at work one or two days after planting.
During the first week after surgery, it is best to let the hair dry naturally after bathing. During this time, the area around the hair follicles and the donor area are numb. That is why you may burn the treated area without realizing it when using the hairdryer. Hairdryer heat can also damage healing follicles. After this time, use low heat when using the hairdryer.
Dust and exposure to sunlight damage hair follicles. Therefore, it is better to avoid direct sunlight in the first days of planting.
Two weeks after planting, you can do regular washing and bathe with water pressure.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Is there an age limit for hair transplants?
According to studies, the best age for hair transplantation is when the pattern of hair loss is proven, which is usually over 27 years old, hair loss will reach a fixed form.
- What is the most effective hair transplant method for people with a history of hereditary hair loss?
Without face-to-face consultation at the clinic by hair transplant consultants, it won’t be possible to say with certainty which method is more suitable because the choice of hair transplant technique depends on many conditions and variables, including the physical physiology of individuals.
- Does hair transplant affect brain function?
Certainly not, because hair transplants are performed only on the superficial layers of the scalp, which do not harm the brain in any way.
- What should be the coverage of the head during the recovery period after implantation?
For this purpose, it is better to use a loose hat and avoid wearing any tight clothes or tight hats.
- Is hair transplantation safe and does not cause any specific side effects?
Hair transplant surgery is usually without any specific side effects. But that should be under the supervision of a plastic surgeon or a hair transplant specialist who has experience and license by the board. But people’s physical response to treatment is very different. Like any other surgical procedure, there is a possibility of swelling, tingling, numbness, and in some cases, you may suffer an infection. All the necessary care you should do after hair transplantation will be available to you by the consulting doctor. With proper care, the possibility of side effects will be tiny.